Complex structures' organization studied in slime mold

    Summary
    Researchers in Japan think they have found an answer to the fundamental biological question of how individual cells know which way to position themselves within a complex, multicellular body. Depending on a cell's purpose in the larger structure, contact or diffuse chemical signals direct it to its final destination.

    Researchers discover a flipping crab feeding on methane seeps

    Summary
    Researchers have documented a group of tanner crabs vigorously feeding at a methane seep on the seafloor off British Columbia -- one of the first times a commercially harvested species has been seen using this energy source.

    Thermally-painted metasurfaces yield perfect light absorbers for high-tech applications

    Summary
    Researchers report their insights into how colors are generated on heated metal surfaces and apply those findings to create a nickel thin-film that perfectly absorbs red light.

    Putting data privacy in the hands of users

    Summary
    Researchers have developed Riverbed, a platform that ensures web and mobile apps using distributed computing in data centers adhere to users' preferences on how their data are shared and stored in the cloud.

    Keeping heavy metals out of beer and wine

    Summary
    Researchers report that a material often used as a filter in the production of alcoholic beverages could be transferring heavy metals such as arsenic to beer and wine. They also found ways to possibly limit this contamination.

    Scientists say every animal needs sleep. These fruit flies didn’t get the memo

    Summary
    Some *Drosophila melanogaster* sleep only a few minutes a day

    Zebra stripes confuse biting flies, causing them to abort their landings

    Summary
    Coat pattern helps zebras and horses evade dangerous insects

    A new law was supposed to protect South Africans' privacy. It may block important research instead

    Summary
    Law may prevent researchers from reanalyzing data and samples in big databases

    From Science Careers: After a baby, 28% of new parents leave full-time STEM work

    Summary
    More than 40% of new moms and 20% of new dads in science change fields, go part time, or quit the workforce

    A lobster’s underbelly is so tough, you could use it instead of car tires

    Summary
    Flexible yet sturdy material could make joints in armor more flexible

    Scientists find tanner crabs feeding on seafloor methane vent

    Summary
    Marine biologists have discovered a group of tanner crabs feeding vigorously on a seafloor methane seep located off the coast of British Columbia.

    Custom frequency comb to improve precision of planet-hunting telescope

    Summary
    Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have designed a custom frequency comb to boost the precision of the Hobby-Eberly Telescope.

    Tadpole-like jets could help explain why the sun's corona is so hot

    Summary
    Researchers have discovered a novel type of solar jet that could help solve the mystery of the sun's super hot corona.

    Neanderthals mostly ate meat, study confirms

    Summary
    New analysis of the Neanderthal diet showed the original interpretation of the early human relative's diet is correct: Neanderthals ate mostly meat.

    First private moon lander mission scheduled to launch Friday

    Summary
    The world's first private moon lander mission is scheduled to be carried into space by a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket on Friday.

    If fruit flies live without sleeping, why can't I?

    Summary
    Animals From fruitflies and birds to humans, there’s debate in the scientific community about whether we’d die without sleep. As anyone who’s ever pulled an all-nighter can attest, sleep *feels* pretty essential to life. While the field of sleep science has long thought that animals and humans…

    The $1,980 Samsung Galaxy Fold smartphone is the perfect early adopter gadget

    Summary
    [image: Samsung Galaxy Fold] Gadgets And here come the folding phones. You shouldn't buy Samsung's new folding phone, but it's totally fine to want it.

    Why our blue planet is getting greener

    Summary
    [image: Tree forest above greening Earth satellite agriculture carbon] Environment You can tahnk India and China for the abundant leafiness. The blue planet is going green—literally. Since the 1980s, satellite images have shown that leafy cover across the globe has grown by 2.3 percent per decade.

    How the Samsung Galaxy S10's cool new fingerprint sensor works

    Summary
    [image: Samsung S10] Technology It's ultrasonic! In addition to showing off the new Samsung "Fold," the company unveiled its new S10 Galaxy smartphones.

    Nuts are full of fat and calories—and you should probably eat more of them

    Summary
    [image: assorted nuts] Health Nutritionists used to think nuts should be avoided, but now they’re a prescribed part of a well-rounded diet. Nuts are full of fat—it’s what makes peanut butter tastes so good. Heck, it’s why you can even turn a hard nut into a butter-like paste in the first place. All that fat…

    The Human Body Might Survive a Mission to Mars Better Than Our Minds

    Summary
    Scientists are still trying to figure out how the human body responds to long-duration spaceflight. It's an important and open research question as NASA moves toward more deep space missions. In particular, a mission to Mars could require at least a three-year round trip that would take a toll both physically and psychologically. At the American Association for the Advancement of Science conference last week, researchers revealed new insights into the physical effects of long-term stays i

    This Star Has Exploded Annually For Millions of Years

    Summary
    Astronomers have discovered a star in the Andromeda galaxy that has been regularly erupting for the past million years, leaving behind one of the biggest shells of ejected material scientists have ever seen. The new research, which was published last month in the journal Nature, not only marks the first discovery of such a super-remnant in another galaxy, it also paves the way for detecting a potentially massive population of repeatedly exploding stars, called recurrent novae, which may h

    Fruit Fly Study Questions the Assumption that Brains Need Sleep

    Summary
    Without those eight or so hours of precious shut-eye, many of us feel dazed, sluggish and downright useless. Sleep might be thought of as the great equalizer — birds do it, bees do it, every animal with a brain does it. But a new study suggests that might not be quite right after all. A study published today in the journal Science Advances found that some members of a species of fruit fly could, to the jealousy of humans, function on practically no sleep. After being kept awake for severa

    Zebra Stripes Protect Against Flies — Now We Know How

    Summary
    Zebras are famous for their contrasting black and white stripes – but until very recently no one really knew why they sport their unusual striped pattern. It’s a question that’s been discussed as far back as 150 years ago by great Victorian biologists like Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. Since then many ideas have been put on the table but only in the last few years have there been serious attempts to test them. These ideas fall into four main categories: Zebras are striped to e

    Testosterone Helps Protect Embryos From Inflammation, Mouse Study Suggests

    Summary
    Testosterone often gets a bad rap as the cause of male aggression, but the hormone actually interacts with our bodies in far more, and more complex, ways. Now, in a new study in mice, researchers find that testosterone protects embryos from harm by reducing inflammation during development. It's a new role for the hormone, and one that could prove beneficial to humans, the researchers say. Female Fatality Genetics researcher John Schimenti and his research team at Cornell University in Itha

    CO2 emissions from UK housing 'go up'

    Summary
    Greenhouse gas emissions from your heating boiler are fuelling climate change.

    Super snow moon' lights up the skies

    Summary
    The biggest and brightest supermoon of 2019 was observed around the world.

    Brexit gap' over wildlife protection is looming

    Summary
    Wales risks losing 80% of the laws that protect its environment with no plans in place, charities warn.

    Space travel edges closer at the Ulster Folk and Transport Museum

    Summary
    It is still the final frontier, but space travel has come a little closer to the public at the Ulster Folk and Transport Museum.

    How your weekly shop affects the environment

    Summary
    BBC Radio 5 Live's Sam Walker looks at which foods are better for the environment.

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