Guidelines for a standardized data format for use in cross-linguistic studies

    Summary
    An international team of researchers has set out a proposal for new guidelines on cross-linguistic data formats, in order to facilitate sharing and data comparisons between the growing number of large linguistic databases worldwide. This format provides a software package, a basic ontology and usage examples.

    3D imaging opens door to better understanding of fascinating leaf complexity

    Summary
    Leading biologists launch global rallying cry to overhaul theoretical models of carbon-water exchange and photosynthesis using 3D imaging.

    Do lovers always tease each other? Study shows how couples handle laughter and banter

    Summary
    How partners in a romantic relationship deal with laughter or being laughed at affects their everyday life, their relationship satisfaction and even their sexuality.

    New way to determine whether metastatic cancer cells in breast cancer patients are dormant or soon to turn deadly

    Summary
    For the first time ever, researchers have identified a protein as a marker that can indicate whether a cancer patient will develop a recurrence of lethal, metastatic cancer.

    Top athletes weigh in on perceived effectiveness of anti-doping measures

    Summary
    Doping remains an ongoing problem in competitive sports, but researchers have never before asked athletes to rank the effectiveness of available anti-doping strategies. A new poll of a national pool of top German cyclists and field athletes finds that, according to the athletes, better diagnostics, increased bans and laws against doping are perceived as far more effective than increased fines or leniency programs.

    Cometlike objects could be spreading life from star to star throughout the Milky Way

    Summary
    Astronomers say new observations bolster the case for “galactic panspermia”

    Why scientists had trouble predicting Hurricane Michael’s rapid intensification

    Summary
    Sampling water-air emulsions among many complications

    MIT to use $350 million gift to bolster computer sciences

    Summary
    Donation will help coordinate instruction in a rapidly growing field

    Several species of insects have almost completely vanished from some tropical forests

    Summary
    Climate change is likely to blame, experts say

    Male gorillas who babysit have five times more babies

    Summary
    Females seem to pick mates who help care for infants

    Climate models fail to predict air pressure shift above Greenland

    Summary
    Climate models failed to predict air pressure changes measured in the atmosphere above Greenland over the last few decades.

    Scientists probe how dogs process words

    Summary
    New analysis suggests dogs develop a basic neural image and definition of learned words.

    Scientists trace the movement of tropics over the last 800 years

    Summary
    According to a new survey, the first-of-its-kind, the northern boundary of the tropics has fluctuated over the course of the last 800 years.

    Light melts matter differently than heat, study shows

    Summary
    Light can cause melting of sublimation, and new research suggests light-generated phase changes happen differently.

    Sea snail shells are dissolving as the ocean gets more acidic

    Summary
    Rising acidity levels in the world's oceans are disrupting the shell-making abilities of the marine gastropods.

    Why erectile dysfunction meds can have serious side effects

    Summary
    [image: Eight packets of blue, diamond-shaped viagra pills in a pile on a white surface.] Health The medical condition—and the drugs used to treat it—should be taken seriously. The drugs that treat erectile dysfunction are far from benign. Here’s what your doctor would tell you about them—and why you should still see an MD.

    Brain-eating amoebas are spreading—and that’s just as bad as it sounds

    Summary
    [image: naegleria fowleri brain amoeba] Health Here's everything you never wanted to know about the subject. A recent death-by-brain-eating-amoeba makes for a terrifying story, but how scared should you be? Here’s what you need to know.

    How to pick the right wireless charger for your smartphone

    Summary
    [image: Wireless chargers] Technology It's surprisingly tricky to get the best performance. The what's what about watts.

    Last week in tech: A gaggle of new Google gadgets, more info on the Facebook hack, and robot parkour

    Summary
    [image: Google Pixel 3 Phone] Technology Check out the latest episode of our podcast! Our latest podcast episode tackles Google, Facebook, and a font that helps you remember what you read.

    First Man' is astonishingly accurate—here's how NASA helped

    Summary
    [image: ryan gosling sitting in orange NASA uniform] Space Yes, this article has spoilers Conjuring the dawn of space exploration decades later can be a challenge, but Hollywood had some help in making those films as accurate as possible. NASA is an archival…

    RIP OAPL: An Academic Publisher Vanishes

    Summary
    A dubious predatory academic publisher called Open Access Publishing London (OAPL) seems to have died. Their website has gone down, taking some 1,500 scientific papers with it. What can we learn from this? Long-time readers will remember my series of posts on OAPL back from when I first investigated it in 2013. As far as I can tell, it was a one-man operation. The man turned out to be a Dr. Waseem Jerjes. Jerjes is a dental surgeon with many legitimate research papers to his name, and he

    The Human Brain Evolved to Believe in Gods

    Summary
    It’s natural to believe in the supernatural. Consider how many people worldwide belong to a religion: nearly 6 billion, or 84 percent of the global population, and these figures are expected to rise in the coming decades. In the U.S., surveys show 90 percent of adults believe in some higher power, spiritual force or God with a capital G. Even self-proclaimed atheists have supernatural leanings. The same study found all atheists reject God, but one-in-five accept higher powers or spiritual fo

    The Five Brightest Planets Align in the Night Sky

    Summary
    For the second time this year, the five brightest planets in our solar system — Mercury, Venus, Jupiter, Saturn, and Mars — will be visible in the night sky at the same time. The planets will form a line that rises up from the horizon in the western sky and it will be easiest to see after sunset this Thursday, October 18. However, all month these planets will be visible in the same general areas of the sky. Mercury and Venus will be most visible west and closer to the horizon, while Sa

    Hayabusa2’s Amazing Close Encounter With Asteroid Ryugu

    Summary
    This past summer, Hayabusa2 — a spacecraft, operated by the Japanese Space Agency JAXA, sent to collect and return asteroid samples — arrived at asteroid Ryugu. Today, the craft comes close to the asteroid in the first of two touchdown rehearsals. After reaching the asteroid on June 27, Hayabusa2 primarily observed Ryugu from “The Home Position,” which is a position about 65,617 feet (roughly 2,000 meters) away from the asteroid. Today, Hayabusa2 is descending to only 82 feet (25 meters)

    Chandra X-ray Observatory Back Online After Failure; NASA's Still Working to fix Hubble's Gyroscope

    Summary
    NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory will soon be observing the cosmos once again, the space agency said Monday. A scare last week left the spacecraft in safe mode. Chandra is a space observatory that observes extreme objects that emit X-rays, like black holes. The problems with Chandra surfaced on October 10, just days after the iconic Hubble Space Telescope also went into safe mode due to issues with its gyroscopes, which help point the spacecraft. Together, the pair make up half of NASA's "Gr

    Would you eat slaughter-free meat?

    Summary
    There's a looming crisis over the world's appetite for meat. This chicken nugget may be the answer.

    Chicken nuggets grown in a lab

    Summary
    Can chicken nuggets grown in a lab actually taste like... well... chicken? A taste test on lab-grown meat.

    The 'ugly duckling' fossil from the deep

    Summary
    Meet the baby reptile that is shedding new light on the giants that lived at the time of T. rex.

    Supersonic Bloodhound hits cash roadblock

    Summary
    The project to race a car at more than 1,000mph runs into a financial roadblock, with the company behind the venture going into administration.

    Fracking starts at landmark Lancashire site

    Summary
    It is first time fracking has occurred in the UK since it was linked to earthquakes in 2011.

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